Protecting Existing Neighborhoods from Impacts of New Development This article (PDF), by John Owen and Rachel Miller from MAKERS Architecture and Urban Design, is the first of 2 articles discussing regulatory strategies to address 2 challenges to creating compatible and livable infill development. This article focuses on achieving compatibility between new multistory development and existing smaller‐scale neighborhoods.
Strategies and Tools to Implement Transportation-Efficient Development This University of Washington Reference Manual (PDF) addresses land use and development practices that support and improve transportation-efficient development. It presents best practices at the national level as well as those specific to Washington and central Puget Sound. The manual includes regulatory strategies and tools, as well as financial strategies and tools. It describes how they work and specific case study examples of application. This hefty report is a comprehensive resource for planners and community development experts.
The New, New Urbanism
Andrés Duany, founder, and arguably the most influential member of the Congress for the New Urbanism, identified 2 conditions that should dramatically shift the practice of all planners and urban designers: pervasive impoverishment and the psychological shifts of impending climate change.
Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change
For climate stabilization, a commonly accepted target for the year 2050 would require the United States to cut its carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 60 - 80% below 1990 levels. Carbon dioxide levels have been increasing rapidly since 1990, and so would have to level off and decline even more rapidly to reach this target level by 2050. This publication (PDF) demonstrates that the U.S. Transportation Sector cannot do its fair share to meet this target through vehicle and fuel technology alone. We have to find a way to sharply reduce the growth in vehicle miles driven across the nation’s sprawling urban areas, reversing trends that go back decades.
As the cost of parking disentangles itself from the price of housing, ending parking quotas will bring rents down, especially for those with few or no cars and for people looking for modest dwellings. Developers, for their part, will be free to build the least-expensive parking spaces but stop before the cost skyrockets, as when they’d need to start excavating craterous, multi-million-dollar holes in the ground.
Creating Walkable Neighborhood Business Districts This paper (PDF) is aimed at the question: "What does it take to support a neighborhood business district around which to focus a walkable, cohesive community?" The 1st section examines what is meant by a neighborhood district and its role within the hierarchy of retail centers. Then follows an analysis of the development patterns necessary to support a business district which will, in turn, encourage pedestrian activity, social interaction, and transit ridership. Finally, there is a discussion of the implications of this analysis to a variety of settings, from older urban neighborhoods to metropolitan cores, linear transportation corridors, and suburban centers.
Affordable Housing & Smart Growth: Making the Connection The Affordable Housing and Smart Growth article (PDF) identifies areas of common interest between advocates for smart growth and affordable housing, not unlike those areas represented by the diverse membership of the Smart Growth Network Subgroup on Affordable Housing. While few of the policies and approaches profiled will independently accomplish smart growth's multiple goals, they all demonstrate the ability of smart growth to demand better performance from policies by applying them in an inclusive development strategy. Smart growth spurs innovation, which is precisely what is needed if communities are to overcome the mounting challenges posed by development pressures and housing needs.
Housing in America: The Baby Boomers Turn 65 This report by John McIlwain from the Urban Land Institute (PDF) provides an overview of some of the challenges and opportunities ahead for both the private housing industry and policy makers at various levels of government with the hope that it will stimulate discussion and support effective efforts to meet the needs of these generations in the years ahead.
Lincoln Institute of Land Policy
With 100 million more people expected in the United States by 2050, rising energy and transportation costs, disappearing farmland and open space, and the clear need for greater energy efficiency and reduced global warming emissions, the future built environment must include more density. Learn more by visiting the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy website.
Removing Roadblocks: How to Make Sustainable Development Happen Now
Business-as-usual real estate development in California has resulted in crushing traffic, fewer housing options, loss of open space and agricultural land, and significant air pollution, including the greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change. This report (PDF) focuses on how climate change will create opportunities for specific sectors of the business community and how policy makers can facilitate those opportunities.
Ten Principles for Rebuilding Neighborhood Retail This article (PDF) discusses the challenges of rebuilding persist not only in low-income neighborhoods, but also in many other urban locations. Over the past 5 decades, retailing in urban neighborhoods has hollowed out, leaving most cities and inner-ring suburbs with too little to support healthy neighborhoods and strong communities. This report outlines strategies to combat these challenges and proposes case studies of these strategies in action.